"The Native American Long Journey Home"
Enrolling within 1896-1907 Oklahoma Dawes Commission enrollment process of rules and regulations CDIB "Certificate Degree of Indian Blood" can be sometimes be quite intimidating, especially if you have applied a number of times and been either denied application or been notified "Need more verification" either proof that a direct descendant was listed on the Dawes Commission rolls or further vital records are needed, either a Birth or Death Certificate in order for your application to be accepted. Even after applying for Dawes Commission enrollment an applicant can be denied because on the original enrollment packet records your direct lineage your (Mother or Fathers Parents) "Grandparents" or Great grandparents within the original enrollment packet records were never listed as an heir. On each CDIB Indian Tribal enrollment application it quotes: "Burden of Proof is on the applicant", which means, the work or the burden of proof finding information,, vital records Indian records etc,, will be strictly be on you as the applicant. Finding the kind of records needed to acquire registration are usually very difficult because many enrollment records regarding direct descendants of Tribes that your family was affiliated with many times were lost, destroyed by natural causes or were filed away in some little court house file room. Many old County court houses now only keep historical and/or up to date records dating back to the year 1900 or later. Many court records were often destroyed or moved to a larger city with capability of storing large holdings of old and almost forgotten historical files. It's important when researching your Indian history heritage to know historical events: Names of parents, Grandparents, Great Grandparents, dates of Birth, Death, aboriginal territory of where they were born, where the died etc. All these things are important when researching your family heritage whether Indian, German, Spanish, Italian, etc. Federal records whether they were listed as "White" or not these records are also just as important when researching Indian heritage because many times you will find Indian heritage "Full or Mixed blood" living within a household which all are listed as white. Mississippi Choctaw Chief Greenwood Leflore could also be found on federal census as "White" because he was only 1/8th Choctaw on his mothers side of the family. Truth is about Indian enrollment application history, many Indians never registered because it confined an Indian enrollee to one designated piece of Federal designated land. The land kept the Indian confined to one designated area of living because it also provided as an Indian enrollee his Indian enrollment annuities, money that provided for family survival in case of a bad farming crop year. If you were "full blood" the authorities "Dawes Commission" kept more vigilant federal control over the enrollee because many new settlers would attempt to either inter wed marry to get control of the land or purchase the land from the Indian at a discounted price or simply move onto and begin farming the land without the permission of the Indian land owner. Indian lands could not be sold or leased without prior permission from the Indian agent, Commission of Indian affairs and final signature from the Presidential Executive oval Office Washington DC. Truth is, today many enrollees are denied enrollment by the simple fact that many times their direct descendants would further distance themselves from their main Tribal reservations because of fear of tribal removal from the East by way of 1837-1838 "Trail of Tears" or after being established on Oklahoma Tribal Indian Territorial lands simply left their Oklahoma reservations by way of the Oklahoma dust bowl, thousands of Indians because of famine or starvation resulted in many Indians to relocate and begin searching for employment to feed their starving families and to search out a new beginning life in a new lands far away from their aboriginal territories. Thus creating centuries of a historical marginal time lines resulting in many direct descendants inevitably distancing themselves even further and further away from their promised reservation home lands, unfortunately and very sadly resulting in historical loss of their invaluable tribal enrollment status. Unless your direct descendant stayed on reservation lands and lived together as one people from historical times or stayed in direct tribal contact with Tribal affiliation and influence through or by attending Tribal work shops, Tribal "Pow Wow" events acceptance within Tribal CDIB application can many times be almost impossible to complete. Depending on historical Tribal influence within the United States many Tribal groups that have removed from their aboriginal territories far away from their home lands have been able to maintain their Tribal authority and/or outside influence and have continued to keep their Tribal identity by meeting together as one historical people and by keeping a constant relationship through tribal dependency on each other. These Historical groups will always hold that tribal relationship as a sovereign government to government relationship between their tribal group and the United States. The most important thing to remember about Tribal application is that under many Acts of Congress and Many Treaty acts most tribal members lost their tribal membership by Federal removal under Treaty stipulations as Indian reservees promised Indian lands upon signing six months after the ratification of the said Treaty as an Indian reservee and must agree to become U.S. citizens within five years to thus comply under U.S. laws and no longer under Tribal laws, but were promised under Treaty stipulations that said Indian reservee would not lose their Tribal citizenship and would after five years of working, farming, building and maintaining structures, a certificate in "Fee Simple" would then be issued. These great historical tragic 1896-1907 Dawes Commission removal of the Cherokee from the New Echota Cherokee Nation Tennessee National reservation (Chief John Ross) and the Mississippi Choctaw Chief Greenwood Leflore's Sept 27, 1830 Treaty of "Dancing Rabbit Creek" "Trail of Death" these thousands of historical dishonorable Tribal removals under Aug 23, 1842 Choctaw Act resulting in the removal of the MS Choctaw to lands West of the Mississippi to Ark, LA, Ala, then final destination Oklahoma Indian Territories will ultimately go down in Indian removal history as one of the main causes that inevitably resulted in the North American Indian Tribal removal from their ceded aboriginal homelands and which also resulted in thousands of Indian denials within the 1896-1907 Dawes Commission/Commissioners Tams Bixby, CB Breckinridge and TB Needles "CDIB" application enrollment process.
Dawes Commission enrollment records can be accessed through: "MSGENWEB.ORG, Rootsweb.Com/Ancestry.Com NARA "National Archives Records Adm." Washington DC 20250.
Holissio Anumpa "Learn from the Beginning"
Chief Leo W Pergson Su-Quah-Natch-Ah Mississippi Choctaw Band Kemper/Carroll County MS.